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国际学术期刊
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国际学术期刊
Risk Factors in Motorcyclist Fatalities in Taiwan
发布时间:2012-6-516:45:11来源:作者:Rong-Chang Jou, Tsu-Hurng Yeh & Rong-Sin Chen   

DOI: 
10.1080/15389588.2011.641166
Rong-Chang Joua, Tsu-Hurng Yehb & Rong-Sin Chena 

pages 155-162
Available online: 29 Mar 2012

Keywords
Motorcycle accident, Motorcycle passenger, Senior citizens driving, Driving qualifications

Abstract

Objective:
To assess the impact of the following factors on rider fatality: rider's age, gender, licensing status, accident liability, use of helmet, alcohol consumption, vehicle class, road conditions, presence of passengers, and passenger injuries.

Methods: Data on motorcycle accidents in Taiwan between 2006 and 2008 were analyzed. A logistic regression model was used to establish a fatality risk model for motorcyclists and investigate high-risk factors for motorcyclist fatality.

Results: Higher fatality rates among motorcycle riders correlate with the following factors: male, older, unlicensed, not wearing a helmet, riding after drinking, and driving heavy (i.e., above 550 cc) motorcycles. In addition, motorcyclists involved in nighttime, nonurban single-vehicle accidents have a higher risk of death, and lone riders have a higher risk of death in accidents than do riders carrying passengers. The seriousness of passenger injury also correlates positively with the rider's risk of death.

Conclusions: Nearly 60 percent of all driving fatalities in Taiwan involve motorcycles. Consideration of factors behind the high frequency and risk of motorcycle deaths, specifically rider age above 60 years, not wearing a motorcycle helmet, riding after drinking, and driving without a valid license, could help in the development of effective traffic safety management measures.


 

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