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《城市交通》杂志
2011年 第5期
上海市第五次居民出行调查与交通特征研究
点击量:7687

文章编号:1672-5328(2011)05-0001-07

陆锡明,顾啸涛
(上海市城市综合交通规划研究所,上海 200040)

摘要:挖掘和分析居民出行调查的历史数据库,归纳城市交通演变的特点和规律,有利于更好地了解城市交通的发展全貌。通过对比上海市五次居民出行调查的成果,从出行强度、出行结构、出行分布等方面揭示改革开放30年来上海市居民出行特征的演变,反映出用地拓展、机动化发展给城市居民出行行为带来的变化以及对城市交通产生的影响。在相应研究分析的基础上,对未来上海交通发展的基本走向做出了判断。

关键词:城市交通;居民出行调查;交通特征;出行强度;出行结构;出行分布

中图分类号:U491.1+2

文献标识码:A

The Fifth Travel Survey of Residents in Shanghai and Characteristics Analysis

LU Xi-ming, GU Xiao-tao
(Shanghai City Comprehensive Transportation Planning Institute, Shanghai 200040, China)

Abstract:Analyzing present and historical residents’ commuting data from the travel survey is very important in understanding the urban transportation developments and their characteristics at different time periods. By comparing the analysis results of the fifth resident travel survey with the four previous surveys in Shanghai, this paper summarizes the change of residents’ commuting characteristics in the past 30 years in several aspects: travel demand, travel mode share, trip distribution, and etc. The comparison shows the impact of urban sprawl and motorization on travel behavior and urban transportation. Based on the research analysis, the paper outlines the future transportation development in Shanghai.

Keywords:urban transportation; travel survey of residents; transportation characteristics; travel demand; travel mode share; trip distribution