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《城市交通》杂志
2011年 第2期
对中国大城市交通拥堵问题的认识
点击量:8295

文章编号:1672-5328(2011)02-0008-07

郭继孚,刘 莹,余 柳
(北京交通发展研究中心,北京 100073)

摘要:随着中国城镇化、机动化进程不断加快,以交通拥堵为代表的城市交通问题普遍成为困扰各大城市的难题。在总结中国大城市交通拥堵问题的主要类型及特点的基础上,分析了大城市交通拥堵形成的深层次原因。结合国际大城市在交通与城市土地利用、小汽车数量及使用控制、公共交通及绿色交通方面的拥堵治理经验,提出对中国大城市交通拥堵应对策略的建议。最后指出,大城市交通问题并非无药可救,关键要把握好治理交通问题的历史时机,采取有效的综合措施,建立和谐的人车关系。

关键词:交通战略;交通拥堵;综合措施;公交优先;绿色出行;停车管理

中图分类号:U491

文献标识码:A

Traffic Congestion in Large Metropolitan Area in China

GUO Ji-fu, LIU Ying, YU Liu
(Beijing Transportation Research Center, Beijing 100073, China)

Abstract:With the rapid development of urbanization and motorization, traffic congestion has been become one of the common headaches in large metropolitan area in China. By summarizing the major types and characteristics of traffic congestion, this paper discusses the root causes of traffic congestion in large metropolitan area in China. Based on the international experience of alleviating traffic congestion from transportation and urban land use, the number of cars and their usage, public transportation and green transportation, the paper proposes the traffic congestion relieving action plans for large metropolitan area in China. Finally, the paper stresses that the traffic congestion problem in metropolitan area in China is not hopeless. It is important to take advantage of opportunities and take effective and comprehensive measures to develop a harmonious relationship between people and vehicles.

Keywords:transportation strategy; traffic congestion; comprehensive measures; public transportation priority; green travel; parking management