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《城市交通》杂志
2010年 第4期
城市轨道交通车站站台行人交通特性
点击量:5903

文章编号:1672-5328(2010)04-0047-05

唐明,贾洪飞,杨丽丽
(吉林大学交通学院,长春吉林130025)

摘要:为了确定城市轨道交通车站站台行人交通特性,以北京市地铁2 号线西直门站站台视频资料为基础,观测站台区域行人交通行为,分析行人速度、候车位置分布、密度时空分布特性。分析结果表明:与街道环境相比,站台区域行人自由 流速度均值偏高,且站台与楼梯邻接区域行人速度随密度的增大下降较快;车辆到达之前行人候车呈队列形式,车辆到达后呈扇形分布在车门两侧;站台区域行人密度时空分布受轨 道交通车辆班次影响,表现出规律性波动变化。

关键词:交通工程;轨道交通车站;行人交通特性;视频观测; 行人速度;候车位置;行人密度

中图分类号:U491.2+6

文献标识码:A

Characteristics of Riders’Behavior at Urban Rail Transit Stations

TANG Ming, JIA Hong-fei, YANG Li-li
(Transportation College of Jilin University, Jilin Changchun 130025, China)

Abstract:To study the characteristics of riders at urban rail transit stations, this paper analyzes passengers walking speed, waiting location, and density distribution by time and space through observing passengers’behavior from the videos installed at the Xizhimen station on the subway line 2 in Beijing. The results of the analysis indicate that free-flow speed of passengers inside the rail transit station is higher than that on surface streets, and walking speed reduces rapidly as passenger density increases at the vicinity of a staircase. It was observed that before a train arrives, passengers tends to wait in lines, and after a train reaches the station passengers tends to distribute themselves on both sides of the doors. It is also clear that passenger density distribution on the platform area changes regularly with the arrival and departure of subway train.

Keywords:traffic engineering; rail transit stations; passenger characteristics; video observation; walking speed; waiting location; passenger density