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《城市交通》杂志
2008年 第6期
城市公共自行车交通系统实施机制
点击量:7463

文章编号:1672-5328(2008)06-0027-06

龚迪嘉    朱忠东
(湖南大学建筑学院,长沙 410082)

摘要:自行车交通由个体交通向准公共交通的转化,是城市实施公交优先战略、城市交通可持续发展战略的重要政策与举措之一。给出了公共自行车交通系统(PBS)的概念,分析总结了欧洲及国内部分城市PBS的实践与经验教训。指出适合发展PBS的城市应具备的自然环境条件,并提出因子评价法用以判断我国适宜发展该系统的城市。提出要从规划与管理、社会意识与宣传、经营与运作、技术支撑4个层面制定相关政策,保障PBS的实施,补充和完善城市综合交通系统,并分别讨论了4个层面机制包含的具体内容。

关键词:交通政策;公共自行车交通系统;因子评价法;实施机制

中图分类号:U484

文献标识码:A

 

Implementation Mechanism of Urban Public Bicycle Systems

Gong Dijia and Zhu Zhongdong
(College of Architecture, Hunan University, Changsha 410082, China)

Abstract:To transfer bicycling from a travel mode of individual to quasi-transit is one of the key policies and measures to implement the preferred public transportation and sustainable transportation development. The paper delivers a conceptual definition of public bicycle systems (PBS), along with a summary of experience and lessons of PBS practice both in Europe and China. Then the paper puts forward the natural environmental conditions to develop PBS using element evaluation. Finally, the paper points out that relevant policies should be formulated at four levels, i.e., planning and management, social awareness and publicity-outreach, implementation and operation, as well as technical supports, so as to guarantee the implementation of PBS and thus to improve the urban comprehensive transportation system. Finally, the paper discusses the specific tasks for each of the above 4 levels respectively.

Keywords:transportation policy; Public Bicycle System; element evaluation; implementation mechanism