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《城市交通》杂志
2008年 第6期
TOD内涵分析及实施框架
点击量:6554

文章编号:1672-5328(2008)06-0057-07

陈  莎    殷广涛    叶  敏
(中国城市规划设计研究院,北京 100037)

摘要:TOD是美国城市“精明增长”模式的重要内容,契合我国可持续发展的城市要求。首先总结了国外TOD实践的主要策略和成功经验。通过对比分析国内外TOD实施目的、实施背景两方面的差异性,从规划技术、城市管理和公共政策多个层面揭示了TOD的本质内涵。基于对我国城市规划、土地利用、建设开发的流程梳理,明确了我国TOD模式推广和应用的原则。最后从政府职能、规划建设管理机制、实施重点以及配套政策4个方面提出了我国TOD实施框架和建议。

关键词:交通规划;公共交通;TOD;高密度;混合利用;联合开发

中图分类号:U412.1+4

文献标识码:A

 

Intension Analysis and Implementation Framework for TOD

Chen Sha, Yin Guangtao and Ye Min
(China Academy of Urban Planning & Design, Beijing 100037, China)

Abstract:Transit Oriented Development (TOD), as a major component of Smart Growth pattern for U.S. cities, seems to fit with urban sustainable development in China as well. Through a summary of major strategies and experience of TOD's implementation in foreign countries, and based on a comparative analysis of implementation purposes and backgrounds both at home and abroad, this paper discusses the inherent nature of TOD from various angles, such as planning technology, urban management, and public policies. According to the relationship of urban planning, land use and development, the paper specifies the principles for TOD's application and popularization in China. Finally, the paper proposes that emphasis should be placed on four key aspects in government functions, planning and construction mechanism, keys to implementation and supporting policies, with measures and suggestions recommended to implement TOD.

Keywords:transportation planning; transit; Transit Oriented Development (TOD); high density; mixed utilization; combined development