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《城市交通》杂志
2013年 第4期
有轨电车若干问题初探——以美国波特兰市最新有轨电车线路为例
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文章编号:1672-5328(2013)04-0013-06

周江评1,2,王江燕1
(1.宇恒可持续交通研究中心,北京 100004;2.爱荷华州立大学设计学院,美国 爱荷华州安姆斯市 50010)

摘要:近年来,越来越多的中国城市对发展有轨电车表现出浓厚的兴趣。首先,明确有轨电车的定义及发展历程,之后以美国波特兰市有轨电车为例介绍有轨电车的最新发展,在此基础上总结有轨电车的种类及特征,最后对有轨电车在公共交通中的作用、有轨电车的适用性及规划设计原则等问题进行探讨。

关键词:有轨电车;适用性;历史;发展趋势;设计原则

中图分类号:U482.1

文献标识码:A

Exploration of Some Issues about Streetcars: A Case Study of the Latest Streetcar Line in the City of Portland, USA

Zhou Jiangping1,2, Wang Jiangyan1
(1. China Sustainable Transportation Center, Chaoyang District, Beijng 100004, China; 2. College of Design, Iowa State University, Ames Iowa 50010, USA)

Abstract:More and more Chinese cities have shown an interest in streetcars in recent years. This paper first discusses the definition and history of streetcar’s transit and introduces the streetcars’ latest development taking the streetcar in Portland, Oregon, USA as an example. Then the paper summarizes the nature and characteristics of streetcars. Finally, the paper explores the role of the streetcar in public transportation, suitability and planning and design principles of the streetcar.

Keywords:streetcar; applicability; history; trends; design principles