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《城市交通》杂志
2014年 第2期
公共自行车文献综述
点击量:3877

文章编号: 1672-5328(2014)02-0084-11

Elliot Fishman1, SimonWashington1,2, Narelle Haworth1 著,张晓为3
(1.昆士兰科技大学,交通事故研究与道路安全中心,澳大利亚昆士兰4059;2.昆士兰科技大学城市发展学院, 建筑环境与工程系,澳大利亚昆士兰4001;3.中国城市规划设计研究院,北京100037)

摘要: 对公共自行车系统进行总体概述,并针对相关文献进行批判性检验。基于以往同行评议文献 及灰色文献,对与公共自行车系统影响相关的认知缺陷进行分析。当前亟须针对全球公共自行车研 究进行评估,该综述旨在更好地了解及加强当前和未来公共自行车系统的实施效率。越来越多的研 究聚焦于公共自行车系统,主要议题集中在以下方面。首先,公共自行车使用者认为方便性和低支 出是注册并使用该系统的重要原因。其次,与固有观念相反,公共自行车系统用户比非用户更倾向 于拥有和使用私人自行车。第三,当法律强制要求佩戴头盔时,公共自行车使用者比私人自行车使 用者更不愿佩戴头盔。最后,从更重要的可持续交通角度而言,大量公共自行车系统使用者选择该 方式取代可持续交通方式而非小汽车出行方式。

关键词: 公共自行车;自行车;自行车共享;交通;可持续;城市

中图分类号: U491.2+25

文献标识码:A

Bike Share: A Synthesis of the Literature

Written by Elliot Fishman1, SimonWashington1,2, Narelle Haworth1, Translated by Zhang Xiaowei3
(1.Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety, Queensland University of Technology, QLD 4059, Australia; 2.Faculty of Built Environment and Engineering, Queensland Transport and Main Roads Endowed Chair School of Urban Development, QLD 4001, Australia; 3.China Academy of Urban Planning & Design, Beijing 100037, China)

Abstract: This paper begins by providing an overview of bike share programs, followed by a critical examination of the growing body of literature on these programs. This synthesis of previous works, both peer-reviewed and gray, includes an identification of the current gaps in knowledge related to the impacts of bike sharing programs. This synthesis represents a critically needed evaluation of the current state of global bike share research, in order to better understand, and maximize the effectiveness of current and future programs. Several consistent themes have emerged within the growing body of research on bike share programs. Firstly, the importance bike share members place on convenience and value for money appears paramount in their motivation to sign up and use these programs. Secondly, and somewhat counter intuitively, scheme members are more likely to own and use private bicycles than nonmembers. Thirdly, users demonstrate a greater reluctance to wear helmets than private bicycle riders and helmets have acted as a deterrent in jurisdictions in which helmets are mandatory. Finally, and perhaps most importantly from a sustainable transport perspective, the majority of scheme users are substituting from sustainable modes of transport rather than the car.

Keywords: public bicycle; bicycle; bike share; transport; sustainable; cities