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《城市交通》杂志
2014年 第4期
城市传统商业区步行交通系统规划 ——以重庆市解放碑商圈为例
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文章编号: 1672-5328(2014)04-0037-09

姜洋1, 2,解建华1,余军3,Kristian Skovbakke Villadsen4
(1.宇恒可持续交通研究中心,北京100004;2.清华大学建筑学院,北京100084;3.重庆市规划设计研究院,重 庆401147; 4. 盖尔建筑师事务所,丹麦哥本哈根1610)

摘要: 中国城市机动化和郊区化进程不断深入,传统商业区正迎来“提档升级”的挑战和机遇。以 重庆市解放碑商圈为例,采用PLPS、问卷调查以及商户座谈的方法收集现状数据,据此对商圈步 行交通发展条件及主要问题进行分析。提出创建全方位、适应不同特性的步行交通网络,以及具备 复合功能、高品质的公共空间系统,进而制定六大规划策略。将步行交通系统网络划分为轨道交通 入口广场、核心步行空间、城市道路、慢速道路、街巷等8 种类型的公共空间,针对每种类型给出 设计指引。最后,确定近期实施示范项目,开展方案设计。

关键词: 交通规划;步行;传统商业区;公共空间;解放碑;重庆市

中图分类号: U491.1+2

文献标识码:A

Pedestrian Transportation System Planning in Urban Traditional Business Districts: A Case Study of Jiefangbei Business District, Chongqing

Jiang Yang1, 2, Xie Jianhua1, Yu Jun3, Kristian Skovbakke Villadsen4
(1. China Sustainable Transportation Center, Beijing 100004, China; 2. School of Architecture, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China; 3. Chongqing Planning & Design Institute, Chongqing 401147, China; 4.Gehl Architects, Copenhagen 1610, Denmark)

Abstract: With ongoing urban motorization and suburbanization in China, traditional business districts are facing development challenges and opportunities for upgrading. Taking Jiefangbei Business District in Chongqing as an example, this paper analyzes the pedestrian transportation development potential and main problems based on PLPS survey, questionnaires and interviews with local business owners. The paper proposes six planning strategies for establishing a pedestrian transportation network accomodating pedestrian travel with different characteristics and a high-quality public space system with multiple functionalities. The paper proposes the design guidelines for eight different types of pedestrian transportation spaces – subway plazas, main pedestrian spaces, city streets, slow streets, alleyways, etc. Finally, the paper discusses the short-term demonstration projects and design proposals.

Keywords: transportation planning; walking; traditional business district; public space; Jiefangbei; Chongqing City