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《城市交通》杂志
2014年 第4期
山地贫困地区城镇化特征与交通发展策略 ——以湖北省恩施州为例
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文章编号: 1672-5328(2014)04-0046-09

陈彩媛,杨少辉,吴照章
(中国城市规划设计研究院,北京100037)

摘要: 山地城镇尤其是山地贫困地区城镇的交通发展是新型城镇化的重点任务之一。以湖北省恩施 州为例,对其城镇化发展特征与交通发展策略进行研究。首先分析恩施州地形起伏大、生态敏感性 高、贫困问题突出、城镇化发展水平低、城镇布局分散等发展特征。指出恩施州存在交通系统发展 缓慢、交通通道单一、交通对旅游发展缺少支撑等困境。在西部大开发、武陵山区扶贫的政策优 势,以及全州参与区域经济合作的诉求下,提出恩施州综合交通体系发展应充分重视既有规划、集 约利用运输通道、培育多级枢纽体系、构建多层次旅游服务设施的发展策略。

关键词: 交通规划;山地贫困地区;城镇化;交通发展策略;湖北省恩施州

中图分类号: U491.1+2

文献标识码:A

Urbanization Characteristics and Transportation Development Strategies in Poverty- stricken Mountainous Areas: A Case Study of Enshi Prefecture, Hubei Province

Chen Caiyuan,Yang Shaohui,Wu Zhaozhang
(China Academy of Urban Planning & Design, Beijing 100037, China)

Abstract: Transportation development in poverty-hit towns, especially those in mountains areas, is one of the important tasks of new urbanization. Taking Enshi Prfecture in Hubei Province as an example, this paper investigates its urbanization characteristics and transportation development strategies. Enshi Prefecture is situated on a large topographic relief with high ecological sensitivity and poverty. Due to its scattered population settlement, Enshi has very low degree of urbanization. The paper discusses the issues of Enshi transportation development such as slowing development of transportation system with a single traffic corridor, and inadequate transportation support for tourism development. With the preponderance of the development policies on the West and poorly developed Wuling Mountainous Area, and the demand for cooperating Enshi into the regional economic development, the paper proposes strategies for the comprehensive transportation system development in Enshi Prefecture in several aspects: emphasizing existing planning, effectively using transportation corridors, developing multimodal transportation system with a clear service hierarchy, and providing multi-level tourism service facilities.

Keywords: transportation planning; poverty-stricken mountainous area; urbanization; transportation development strategies; Enshi Prefecture