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《城市交通》杂志
2014年 第4期
建设北方国际航运中心 ——天津港多层次集疏运系统的构建
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文章编号: 1672-5328(2014)04-0055-10

全波1,李鑫1,李科2
(1.中国城市规划设计研究院,北京100037;2.天津市城市规划设计研究院,天津300201)

摘要: 国际航运中心的构建带来港口腹地范围、与腹地间功能联动关系的深刻变化,对集疏运系统 及港城关系协调提出了更高要求。以天津港为例,分析其建设北方国际航运中心的内涵和要求。从 国家综合运输、港口与区域联动、港城关系三个视角剖析天津港集疏运系统存在的不足。重点从国 家、区域、城市层面探讨构建多层次集疏运系统的优化和完善策略。最后,总结天津港集疏运系统 构建对其他国际航运中心城市的启示。

关键词: 国际航运中心;集疏运系统;策略;港城关系;物流;天津港

中图分类号: U491.1+2

文献标识码:A

Build the Northern International Shipping Center: Development of the Multi- level Collection and Distribution System in Tianjin Port

Quan Bo1, Li Xin1, Li Ke2
(1.China Academy of Urban Planning & Design, Beijing 100044, China; 2. Tianjin Urban Planning & Design Institute, Tianjin 300201, China)

Abstract: The establishment of international shipping center has brought dramatic changes to the range of the port hinterland and the interactions of the functionalities among hinterlands, hence presents higher requirements for the collection and distribution system and its coordination with the port-city. Taking Tianjin Port as an example, this paper analyzes the essence and requirements for it to be constructed as the Northern International Shipping Center. Deficiencies of the existing collection and distribution system of Tianjin Port are discussed in three aspects: national comprehensive transportation, port- and- region interactions, and port-and-city relationship. The optimization and enhancement strategies for developing a multi-level collection and distribution system are proposed from the national, regional and urban levels. Finally, the paper summarizes the lessons learned from the establishment of the collection and distribution system in Tianjin Port and provides insights to other cities.

Keywords: international shipping center; collection and distribution system; strategies; port-and-city relationship; Tianjin Port