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《城市交通》杂志
2014年 第6期
北京市郊轨道交通发展策略
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文章编号: 1672-5328(2014)06-0028-09

刘剑锋1, 2,冯爱军3,王静2,贺鹏3,邓进4
(1.北京工业大学,北京100124;2.北京交通发展研究中心,北京100073;3.北京城建设计发展集团,北京 100037;4.北京交通大学,北京100044)

摘要: 构建适应不同需求层次、多模式有机融合的轨道交通体系已成为服务北京都市圈交通需求的 必然抉择。首先分析北京市现状轨道交通网络规模、功能层次以及与城市空间扩展的适配性。按照 服务水平和层次多样的出行需求特征,将北京都市圈范围内轨道交通划分为4 个主要功能层次并分 析其功能和服务范围。针对轨道交通发展模式单一的现状,提出北京市郊轨道交通发展策略,即规 划范围应打破行政边界,重视市郊轨道交通对中心城轨道交通网络运能的缓解作用及对城市发展的 引导,以及市郊轨道交通与中心城衔接、既有国铁资源利用、建设时序和投资模式等。

关键词: 轨道交通;市郊轨道交通;发展模式;功能层次;网络化;线网规划;客流

中图分类号: U491.1+2

文献标识码:A

Development Strategies for Suburban Rail Transit in Beijing

Liu Jianfeng1, 2, Feng Aijun3,Wang Jing2, He Peng3, Deng Jin4
(1.Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100024, China; 2.Beijing Transportation Research Center, Beijing 100073, China; 3.Beijing Urban Construction Design & Development Group Co. , Ltd., Beijing 100037, China; 4.Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China)

Abstract: Developing a geographically integrated rail transit system to accommodate different travel needs and a variety of customer expectations for travel service has become inevitable for urban transportation system in Beijing metropolitan area. This paper first analyzes the scale and functionalities of Beijing rail transit network and its role in urban spatial expansion. Based on level of service and diversified travel demands, the paper discusses the four functional and service levels of Beijing rail transit system within the metropolitan area. Aiming at current development of single mode rail transit, the paper proposes development strategies for Beijing suburban rail transit in several aspects: planning scope beyond administrative boundary; recognizing the role of suburban rail transit in enhancing the capacity of central rail transit network and in guiding urban development; and emphasizing the connection between suburban rail transit and urban central district, utilization of existing state railway resources, time scheduling of construction and investment modes.

Keywords: rail transit; suburban rail transit; development models; functional and service levels; network; network planning; passenger flow