登录    注册    个人中心    ENGLISH
   
过刊检索
年份
《城市交通》杂志
2016年 第3期
交通可达性对居住地选择的影响 ——以成都市为例
点击量:1944

文章编号: 1672-5328(2016)03-0021-08

杨飞1,杨建中1, 2
(1.西南交通大学交通运输与物流学院,四川成都610031;2.青岛市市政工程设计研究院,山东青岛266061)

摘要: 为了解新型城镇化战略下大城市中心区居民外迁至卫星城时的居住地选择行为特征及偏好, 选取卫星城居住地周边学校、医院、商业设施、轨道交通车站及到中心区交通可达性作为主要变 量。根据家庭成员组成特征将样本家庭划分为5 类,对比分析不同家庭居住地选择行为特征及偏 好。结合家庭社会经济属性形成了一套包含8 种情景的正交设计组合问卷,对成都市中心区居民进 行意愿调查,并建立Logit 模型对居住地选择行为进行分析。结果表明,学校、医院等主要服务设 施的交通可达性及家庭自身属性均对中心区居民外迁行为存在显著影响,同时定量分析各变量对居 民选择外迁意愿的影响程度,最后提出有助于中心区人口疏解到卫星城的交通政策和措施建议。

关键词: 新型城镇化战略;居住地选择;交通可达性;正交设计;Logit模型;成都市

中图分类号: U491.1+2

文献标识码:A

Impact of Transportation Accessibility on Residence Choice: Taking Chengdu as an Example

Yang Fei1, Yang Jianzhong1, 2
(1.School of Transportation and Logistics, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu Sichuan 610031, China; 2.Qingdao Municipal Engineering Design and Research Institute, Qingdao Shandong 266061, China)

Abstract: To learn residence choice behavior and preferences of residents living in downtown when they move into satellite cities under New Urbanization Strategy, this paper takes accessibility of hospital, school, commercial amenity, rail transit station, and downtown as studied variables. According to family characteristics, the paper divided families into 5 groups to compare the characteristics and preferences of each family group. According to family's social and economic characteristics, a comprehensive orthogonal SP questionnaire containing 8 scenarios is proposed. Based on the survey of downtown residents in Chengdu, the paper develops a Logit model to study residence choice behavior. Results reveal that the choice behavior of downtown residents of moving to satellite cities are significantly impacted by the accessibility of service facilities, such as school, hospital, and family characteristics. The effect level on migration probability is also analyzed. Finally, the paper proposes transportation development polices and measures for promoting migration from downtown to satellite cities.

Keywords: New Urbanization Strategy; residence choice; transportation accessibility; orthogonal design; logit model; Chengdu