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《城市交通》杂志
2016年 第3期
上海市公交专用车道发展困境与对策
点击量:1892

文章编号: 1672-5328(2016)03-0048-06

蒋晗芬,陈必壮,刘明姝
(上海市城乡建设和交通发展研究院,上海200040)

摘要: 建设公交专用车道、提高公共交通服务水平是缓解城市交通拥堵的主要手段,也是落实公交 优先战略的重要措施。尽管上海市公交专用车道的建设里程不断增加,但是公共汽车运行效果和服 务水平并未得到明显改善,未来公交专用车道的选线、建设难度也不断增加。对上海市公交专用车 道的运行效果进行评估,分析其发展困境,进而以提高公共汽车运行效果和服务水平为核心,提出 公交专用车道的四大选线原则:以客流需求为根本、突破既有道路条件限制、网络化与局部节点兼 顾、近期建设优先选择无轨道交通服务的客流通道。最后,提出公交专用车道设置条件标准,以及 以系统化、精细化为核心的保障措施建议。

关键词: 公交专用车道;运行效果评估;公交优先;客流走廊;服务水平;上海市

中图分类号: U491.1+7

文献标识码:A

Challenges and Strategies for Exclusive Bus Lane in Shanghai

Jiang Hanfen, Chen Bizhuang, Liu Mingshu
(Shanghai Urban- Rural Construction and Transportation Development Research Institute, Shanghai 200040, China)

Abstract: Developing exclusive bus lane and improving level of service of public transit are not only a primary approach to relieve traffic congestion, but also an important strategy to implement public transportation priority. Even though exclusive bus lane mileage in Shanghai has been increased in recent years, operation efficiency and level of service of exclusive bus lane are still unconvinced. Moreover, selection and development of future exclusive bus lanes are more challengeable. This paper evaluates performance for existing exclusive bus lanes in Shanghai, and further illustrates a couple of dilemmas ahead of Shanghai. Finally, the paper proposes principles of exclusive bus lane selection, criteria of developing bus lane, and safeguard measures for exclusive bus lane performance and level of service improvement.

Keywords: exclusive bus lane; performance evaluation; public transportation priority; transit corridor; level of service; Shanghai