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《城市交通》杂志
2016年 第3期
综合交通枢纽现状、困境及解决途径 ——以深圳市为例
点击量:1933

文章编号: 1672-5328(2016)03-0054-07

赵鹏林1, 2,刘永平3
(1.深圳市轨道交通建设指挥部,广东深圳518000;2.深圳市城市轨道交通协会,广东深圳518000;3.深圳市城 市交通规划设计研究中心有限公司,广东深圳518000)

摘要: 随着城市规模扩大及人口增长,综合交通枢纽对城市及城市交通发展作用日益突出。综合交 通枢纽功能也日益复杂,与城市结合更加紧密,这对投资、建设及运营等均是极大考验。选取深圳 市罗湖枢纽、深圳北站及前海枢纽为典型案例,阐述深圳市综合交通枢纽的规划设计理念、投资建 设模式及运营管理方法。指出综合交通枢纽面临规划难度大、责权不明晰、设计不精细、协调成本 高、城市难融合等诸多困境,在一定程度上制约枢纽的发展。提出未来综合交通枢纽应不断提升规 划设计水平,加强产权设计、投资设计、制度设计,深入推进枢纽一体化管理,创新投融资模式, 促进枢纽与城市的不断融合。

关键词: 综合交通枢纽;规划;投资;建设;运营管理;深圳市

中图分类号: U491

文献标识码:A

The Status Quo, Dilemma and Solution of Multimodal Terminal Development: A Case Study of Shenzhen

Zhao Penglin1, 2, Liu Yongping3
(1. Shenzhen Rail Transit Construction Headquarters, Shenzhen Guangdong 518000, China; 2. Shenzhen Urban Rail Transit Association, Shenzhen Guangdong 518000, China; 3. Shenzhen Urban Transportation Planning & Design Center Co., Ltd., Shenzhen Guangdong 518000, China)

Abstract: With city expansion and population growth, multimodal terminals is playing an increasingly important role in urban development, especially for the development of urban transportation system. Thus, multimodal terminals is now offering multi-level service and getting more involved with the located city. In this case, a couple of challenges on investment, construction, and operation have been raised. Taking Luohu Transportation Terminal, Shenzhen North Station, and Qianhai Transportation Terminal as examples, this paper presents the planning and design principles, investment and construction patterns, and operation and management in Shenzhen. Case study reveals problems for multimodal terminals development including difficulty in planning, ambiguity of authority and responsibility, undetailed design, high coordination costs, and lack of effective tools. The paper provides suggestions for multimodal terminals better development through upgrading planning and design, enhancing property and investment design, improving mechanism efficiency, raising management and operational level, innovating on investment and financing modes, and promoting an integration of transportation terminals and cities.

Keywords: multimodal terminal; planning; investment; construction; operational management; Shenzhen