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《城市交通》杂志
2016年 第5期
基于骑行感受的自行车出行品质评价应用研究
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文章编号: 1672-5328(2016)05-0044-06

王维凤1,叶建红2,方雪丽2,陈小鸿2,陈锦秀1
(1. 上海市路政局,上海200023;2. 同济大学道路与交通工程教育部重点实验室,上海201804)

摘要: 骑车者对出行环境的真实感受是评价自行车出行品质的根本依据。选择上海市中心城区32 条典型自行车路段进行调研,获取这些路段的物理设施特征与交通流运行特征,通过视频拍摄得到 40 个视频片段,邀请126 名志愿者对视频中呈现的自行车出行品质进行评分。基于此构建基于出行 感受的自行车出行品质评价模型,并给出出行品质分级标准。以上海市中心区干路为例进行自行车 出行品质评价,仅32%的干路评级为中等和良好,进而识别关键影响因素和改善措施。最后,选择 上海市一条自行车路段进行出行品质改善示范,验证了出行品质评价模型和分级标准的适用性。

关键词: 自行车交通;骑行感受;出行品质;评价模型;分级标准;设施改善;上海市

中图分类号: U491.2+25

文献标识码:A

Users' Experience Oriented Cycling Service Evaluation

WangWeifeng1, Ye Jianhong2, Fang Xueli2, Chen Xiaohong2, Chen Jinxiu1
(1.Shanghai Road Administration Bureau, Shanghai 200023, China; 2.The Key Laboratory of Road and Traffic Engineering of the Ministry of Education, Tongji University, Shanghai 201804, China)

Abstract: Users' experience provides a foundation for evaluating cycling service. This paper investigates characteristics of facilities and traffic flow on the 32 selected typical cycling road segments. The research invited 126 participants to assess the cycling service based 40 video records from the road segments. The paper develops a service evaluation model based on users' experience, and presents level of service standard. For example, only 32% arterial roadways within Shanghai central area are considered as acceptable by 126 volunteer participants, which help to identify service element for improvement. Taking a road segment as a case study to demonstrate cycling service evaluation, this paper discusses the applicability of proposed model and level of service classification standard.

Keywords: bicycle transportation; cycling experience; service quality; evaluation model; classification standard; facilities improvement; Shanghai