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《城市交通》杂志
2016年 第5期
丹麦哥本哈根市自行车交通统计年报评述
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文章编号: 1672-5328(2016)05-0050-06

陈燕申1,陈思凯2
(1.中国城市规划设计研究院,北京100037;2.普渡大学(西拉法叶)工程学院,美国印第安纳州IN 47907)

摘要: 由于缺少信息积累和方法支撑,往往难以对已制定的自行车发展战略目标的实现情况进行考 核。哥本哈根作为自行车友好型城市,于2015 年发布了《哥本哈根市自行车骑车者统计年报 2014》。统计年报分析了交通结构、战略目标及实现情况、关键指标、满意度指标、安全指标、便 捷指标等。同时,总结推动自行车发展的成功措施——扩大自行车交通空间,调整、限制机动车。 指出统计年报具有对落实自行车交通战略与政策的推动力和引导作用。最后,总结对中国制定自行 车发展战略的启示:应将骑行者行为和意愿作为发展战略的关键内容和目标,将自行车交通统计制 度作为制定战略的分析基础。

关键词: 自行车交通;发展政策;统计年报;满意度;哥本哈根

中图分类号: U491.1+2

文献标识码:A

Commentary on Copenhagen Annual Bicycle Account

Chen Yanshen1, Chen Sikai2
(1.China Academy of Urban Planning & Design, Beijing 100037, China; 2. College of Engineering, Purdue University -West Lafayette, IN 47907, U.S.A)

Abstract: Due to lack of data and its analysis method, it is often difficult to assess the implementation of bicycle development strategies. In 2015, Copenhagen, a bicycle-friendly city in the world, released “The Bicycle Account 2014”. This annual report lists the travel mode share, strategy and level of implementation and analyzes key indicators of the system performance in user satisfaction, safety and convenience. The successful experiences in promoting bicycle development through bicycle right-of-way expansion, adjusting and restricting motorized traffic are discussed. The paper points out that the annual bicycle account is helpful in directing and promoting the bicycle transportation strategies and policies. Finally, the paper summarizes the inspiration from the Copenhagen annual bicycle account to Chinese bicycle development strategy: taking into account of cyclists' behavior and preference in the system design and making bicycle travel statistics as the bases for bicycle transportation analysis.

Keywords: bicycle transportation; development policy; annual account; satisfaction; Copenhagen