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《城市交通》杂志
2018年 第3期
事故树在路怒症分析中的应用
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文章编号: 1672-5328(2018)03-0033-06

刘小娣,钱勇生,曾俊伟,广晓平
(兰州交通大学交通运输学院,甘肃兰州730070)

摘要: 路怒症现象在媒体的频繁报道下受到关注。在日常驾驶行为中,驾驶人可能具有路怒情绪倾 向,同时周围环境存在诱发因素。引入事故树分析方法,绘制驾驶人产生路怒情绪事件的事故树。 分别从最小割集、最小径集和结构重要度层面定性研究驾驶人产生路怒情绪事件的直接和间接诱 因。从各元素的结构重要度出发对事件的根本原因进行分析并提出预防措施。针对路怒情绪的调控 提出对驾驶人进行适度心理干预的建议。

关键词: 交通工程;驾驶行为;路怒情绪;事故树;心理干预

中图分类号: U491.3

文献标识码:A

Application of Fault Tree in Road Rage Analysis

Liu Xiaodi, Qian Yongsheng, Zeng Junwei, Guang Xiaoping
(School of Traffic and Transportation, Lanzhou Jiaotong University, Lanzhou Gansu 730070, China)

Abstract: Road rage drives an ever-increasing attention due to a higher frequency of media reports. Drivers may have the trend of road rage during daily driving which may be induced by the surrounding environments. Based on the fault tree analysis, this paper draws a fault tree chart for drivers' road rage. The paper discusses the direct and indirect causes of driving anger in three aspects: minimal cut sets, minimal path sets, and structure importance degree. The root cause of the events is analyzed using the important degree coefficient, while a series of measures are proposed to prevent such issue. Finally, the paper provides suggestions of moderate psychological intervention on drivers for road rage control.

Keywords: traffic engineering; driving behavior; road rage; fault tree analysis; psychological intervention