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《城市交通》杂志
2018年 第3期
年轻新手驾驶人理想的汽车要素是什么?
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文章编号: 1672-5328(2018)03-0062-08

Bridie Scott-Parker1, 2, 3 著,黄美惠1, 2 译
(1.阳光海岸大学,阳光海岸精神与神经科学-汤普森研究院,青少年危险研究室,昆士兰州波尔廷亚4575,澳 大利亚;2.阳光海岸大学,社会科学学院,艺术、商业与法律学院,昆士兰州波尔廷亚4575,澳大利亚;3.阳 光海岸大学,可持续研究中心,昆士兰州波尔廷亚4575,澳大利亚)

摘要: 年轻新手驾驶人的道路安全始终是一个难题,独立持照并拥有自己车辆的年轻驾驶人是道路 上最大的危险。此外,车辆安全是所有道路使用者(包括乘车人员和弱势道路使用者,如骑行者、 行人等)在道路交通事故发生时生存率的关键因素。为了更清楚地了解车辆如何被选择,并深入了 解年轻新手驾驶人对车辆安全以及其他因素的重视程度,来自澳大利亚两个州的青少年被要求设计 他们心目中的“完美汽车”。研究结果对年轻新手驾驶人以及不同年龄段、经验值的驾驶人如何预 防伤害并提升安全均具有重要的参考价值。青少年在描绘完美汽车时对安全性以外的要素关注度较 高,这些非安全性要素很可能在车辆购买决策中也拥有较高影响。父母和青少年在考虑购车以及与 安全驾驶相关的保险及其他激励因素时,应接受关于非安全性要素相关的风险以及安全性要素相关 的好处方面的教育。这种奖励和教育应该更广泛地针对各年龄段的驾驶人(和乘客)。此外,该研究 方法也是一种创新,通过有目的地介入特定的弱势群体开启其潜在的发声渠道。

关键词: 年轻的新手驾驶人;青少年驾驶人;车辆;安全性;购车决策;介入措施

中图分类号: U491.6

文献标识码:A

What Features Do Young Novice Drivers Want in Their Car?

Written by Bridie Scott-Parker1, 2, 3, Translated by Bonnie Huang1, 2
(1.Adolescent Risk Research Unit (ARRU), Sunshine Coast Mind and Neuroscience – Thompson Institute, University of the Sunshine Coast, Birtinya Queensland 4575, Australia; 2.School of Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Business, and Law (FABL), University of the Sunshine Coast, Birtinya Queensland 4575, Australia; 3.Sustainability Research Centre, University of the Sunshine Coast, Birtinya Queensland 4575, Australia)

Abstract: Young novice driver road safety remains an intractable problem; independently-licensed young drivers with access to their own vehicle at greatest risk on the road. Moreover, vehicle safety is a critical factor in the survivability of road crashes for all road users, including the vehicle occupants and vulnerable road users such as cyclists and pedestrians. To better understand vehicle choice, and therefore to gain insight into where young novice drivers weigh vehicle safety amid other considerations, teens from two Australian states were given the opportunity to design their ‘perfect car’. The findings have intervention implications for young novice driver injury prevention and safety promotion specifically, and for drivers of all ages and driving experience more generally. Teens rated features other than safety very highly in their ‘perfect car’, and it is likely these non-safety-focused features similarly rate highly in vehicle purchase decisions. Parents and teens alike need to be educated regarding risks associated with non-safety-focused features (and benefits associated with safety features) with consideration of insurance or other incentives for purchasing and driving safer vehicles. Such incentives and education should target drivers (and passengers) of all ages more generally. In addition, the methodology is also an innovative means by which to engage with intervention targets, revealing potential messaging avenues for a particularly vulnerable population.

Keywords: young novice driver; teen driver; vehicle; safety; intervention; vehicle purchase decisions