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《城市交通》杂志
2021年 第1期
从先行先试到先行示范 ——深圳特区40年综合交通体系发展历史实践与未来展望
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文章编号: 1672-5328(2021)01-0048-10

张晓春,邵源,黄启翔,易陈钰
(深圳市城市交通规划设计研究中心股份有限公司,广东深圳518057)

摘要: 在中国工业化、城镇化、现代化的不同发展阶段,深圳作为改革开放试验田,在交通领域积 极探索适配特定历史阶段特征的交通发展模式。系统梳理得出深圳交通模式先行先试的深层次逻 辑:1)领先于全国探索交通供给路径问题,打破政府单一来源的交通供给模式,丰富交通供给路径 选择;2)准确识别交通体系结构性演变趋势和发展节奏,始终坚持将集约化民生交通发展作为支撑 由经济特区向超大城市转型的唯一交通模式;3)谋求资金来源、土地空间、体制机制、科技创新等 诸多要素博弈下的系统平衡,为运输结构升级跃迁提供永续动能。进入社会主义先行示范区发展新 时期,与40 年发展的核心理念一脉相承,提出深圳交通“湾区引擎,经略全球”、“空间友好,轨 道宜行”、“社会治理,绿色集约”三大先行示范发展方向,继续引领示范国家交通治理现代化新范式。

关键词: 交通模式;发展历程;先行示范区;交通供给路径;要素平衡;未来愿景;深圳市

中图分类号: U491.1+2

文献标识码:A

From Test Site to Pilot Demonstration Area: Historical Development and Future Prospects of Comprehensive Transportation System in Shenzhen Special Economic Zone in the Past 40 Years

Zhang Xiaochun, Shao Yuan, Huang Qixiang, Yi Chenyu
(Shenzhen Urban Transport Planning Center Co., Ltd., Shenzhen Guangdong 518057, China)

Abstract: In the different development stage of industrialization, urbanization, and modernization in China, Shenzhen, as a pilot field of the reform and opening up, explores the transportation development mode that adapts to the characteristics of specific historical stages. This paper systematically summarizes the logic of Shenzhen's transportation mode: 1) to break the traditional government supply path and enrich transportation supply path selection; 2) to identify the structural evolution and development of transportation system, and continuously adhere to the principles of intensive development as the only transportation mode to support the transformation from specific economic zone to megalopolis; 3) to balance the factors that relevant to transportation pattern, such as capital source, land space, management system, scientific and technological innovation, so as to promote the innovation of transportation structure. As Shenzhen enters the development period of pilot demonstration area, it follows along with the core concept of the past 40 years' development. To lead a new paradigm of national transportation governance, three advanced demonstration directions of Shenzhen transportation development are proposed: to become the transportation engine for the Great Bay Area and achieve global development strategy, to create a user-friendly space environment and build a rail-leading transit system, and to improve social governance and maintain green development.

Keywords: transportation pattern; development process; pilot demonstration area; transportation supply path; factors balance; future vision; Shenzhen