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《城市交通》杂志
2021年 第1期
美国和英国全国居民出行调查比较研究
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文章编号: 1672-5328(2021)01-0121-10

彭继娴
(上海市城市规划建筑设计工程有限公司,上海200040)

摘要: 美国全国家庭出行调查和英国全国出行调查迄今已经有数十年的历史,形成了一套成熟、稳 定的调查保障机制和专业流程,取得了丰富的应用成果。通过对比两个调查体系的发展历程、资金 来源与调查执行、样本设计、调查方法、调查内容、数据处理与应用,总结美国和英国在全国居民 出行调查方面的经验。探讨中国开展全国居民出行调查的必要性。结合案例,从调查保障机制、调 查内容和调查新技术的使用三个方面提出经验借鉴,包括扩充资金渠道、评估调查数据应用效果、 优化问卷内容、引用智能化调查技术等。

关键词: 全国居民出行调查;美国全国家庭出行调查;英国全国出行调查

中图分类号: U491

文献标识码:A

A Comparative Study of National Resident Travel Surveys in the United States and the United Kingdom

Peng Jixian
(Shanghai Urban Planning & Architectural Design Engineering Co., Ltd., Shanghai 200040, China)

Abstract: The National Household Travel Survey (NHTS) in the United States and the National Travel Survey (NTS) in the United Kingdom have been conducted for decades. A mature and stable guarantee mechanism and procedure, as well as achievements, have been gained from such surveys. This paper gives a brief introduction and comparison over these two surveys, including history, funding sources and executing agencies, sample design, survey methods, questionnaire content, data processing, and application of the U.S. NHTS and the U.K. NTS. The paper discusses the necessity of conducting national travel surveys in China. Finally, the paper proposes some strategies that worthy of reference from the aspects of the survey guarantee mechanism, questionnaire content, and survey methods, including pioneering new fund channels, estimating application effect of the survey data, optimizing questionnaire content, applying smart technology, and etc.

Keywords: national travel surveys; the U.S. National Household Travel Survey; the U.K. National Travel Survey