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《城市交通》杂志
2021年 第2期
物流网络快速应对疫情的策略与体系设计
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文章编号: 1672-5328(2021)02-0046-09

袁泉1, 2,涂义欢3,李国旗3, 4
(1. 同济大学道路与交通工程教育部重点实验室,上海201804;2. 同济大学城市交通研究院,上海201804;3. 西 南交通大学交通运输与物流学院,四川成都610031;4. 综合交通大数据应用技术国家工程实验室四川成都 611756)

摘要: 物流业既是抗击新冠肺炎疫情的主力军,也是受疫情冲击最严重的行业之一。在讨论疫情中 不同地区物资需求类型和特性、运输方式和瓶颈因素的基础上,总结物流业在重点地区物资保障、 国内城市配送与快递服务,以及国际供应链与产业链协同中的重要作用。从高效组网、智能化两方 面揭示政策和技术支撑下的物流网络快速响应策略。从物流业全面复工复产视角,解析以重点区 域、重要节点和重点企业为核心的分阶段快速恢复策略。最后,构建以参与主体、组织主体、运行 载体和信息保障等为核心的应急物流网络体系设计框架,并提出具体实施建议。

关键词: 交通政策;城市物流;应急物流网络;应急保障;智能化;供应链;新冠肺炎疫情

中图分类号: U491

文献标识码:A

A Synthesized Logistics Network with Rapid-Response Strategies and Emergency-Management During the Pandemic

Yuan Quan1, 2, Tu Yihuan3, Li Guoqi3, 4
(1. Key Laboratory of Road and Traffic Engineering, Ministry of Education, Tongji University, Shanghai 201804, China; 2. Urban Mobility Institute, Tongji University, Shanghai 201804, China; 3. School of Transportation and Logistics, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu Sichuan 610031, China; 4. National Engineering Laboratory of Comprehensive Transportation Big Data Application Technology, Chengdu Sichuan 611756, China)

Abstract: The logistics industry is not only the main force in fighting the COVID-19, but also one of the industries has suffered the most during the pandemic. By discussing the difference in demand for various types of material demand during the pandemic, transportation modes and bottleneck in different regions, this paper summarizes the important role of logistics industry in materials protection in key regions, domestic express delivery and distribution, and coordinating international supply chains. The rapid response strategies implemented by the logistics industry were largely dependent on effective policy making, efficient intra-industry networking and various logistics innovations. From the perspective of economic recovery and production resumption, the paper highlights multi-phase rapid recovery strategies with specific focus on key regions, key nodes and key enterprises. Finally, the paper proposes an emergency management-oriented logistics network system, in which participating entities, organizing institutions, operators and carriers, and information providers are integrated.

Keywords: transportation policies; urban logistics; emergency-management logistics network; emergency support; smart technologies; supply chain; COVID-19 pandemic