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《城市交通》杂志
2021年 第3期
大型铁路客站与城市交通衔接融合路径研究
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文章编号: 1672-5328(2021)03-0051-10

袁倩倩1,潘昭宇2
(1. 北京市市政工程设计研究总院有限公司,北京100082;2.中国城市和小城镇改革发展中心,北京100045)

摘要: 为提升铁路客站与城市交通衔接效率、促进铁路客站与城市高效融合,对10 余个典型大型 铁路客站进行实地调研及数据分析。总结大型铁路客站与城市交通衔接的五大特征:发展互为支 撑、接驳方式以城市轨道交通为主、客站主要采用立体布局、旅客到发时间较为均衡、综合开发以 站内商业为主。进一步分析了铁路客站与城市功能整合不足、与城市交通衔接不便、铁路客站之间 互联互通不够等问题。在研判铁路客站与城市融合发展趋势与要求的基础上,提出大型铁路客站与 城市交通衔接融合的关键在于布局融合、网络融合、设施融合、运营融合、开发融合、机制融合, 并结合北京南站、深圳北站等实例进行具体分析。

关键词: 城市交通;衔接融合;铁路客站;融合路径;综合开发

中图分类号: U491.1+2

文献标识码:A

Connecting Large Railway Passenger Stations with Urban Transportation System

Yuan Qianqian1, Pan Zhaoyu2
(1. Beijing General Municipal Engineering Design and Research Institute Co., Ltd., Beijing 100082, China; 2. China Center for Urban Development, Beijing 100045, China)

Abstract: To enhance the connecting efficiency and promote efficient integration between railway stations with urban transportation system, this paper conducts a field investigation and data analysis of more than 10 typical large railway passenger stations. The five major connection characteristics of large-scale railway passenger stations and urban transportation are discussed, including complementary development, urban rail transit oriented connection, three-dimensional layout of passenger station, balanced passenger arrival and departure time, and comprehensive commerce development inside the station. The paper further analyzes the problems of railway passenger stations such as lack of integration with urban functions, inconvenient connection with cities and ineffective interconnection among railway passenger stations. By discussing the future development trend and demand on integrating railway passenger stations and cities, the paper proposes the critical path in six aspects of integration: layout, network, facilities, operation, development, and administration management. These strategies are elaborated with the examples of Beijing South Railway Station and Shenzhen North Railway Station.

Keywords: urban transportation; connection and integration; railway passenger station; integration path; comprehensive development