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《城市交通》杂志
2021年 第4期
大型体育赛事交通保障的挑战与规划框架
点击量:136

文章编号: 1672-5328(2021)04-0011-08

王江燕1,孙玲2
(1. 宇恒可持续交通研究中心,北京100004;2. 北京交通发展研究院,北京100073)

摘要: 大型体育赛事交通组织是一个多目标的复杂系统工程,组织方应采用高效的指挥机制和科学 的规划方法,确保赛事交通顺利运转。通过分析国内外大型体育赛事交通需求及服务特点,系统梳 理交通服务高质、高效的成功要素。提出赛事交通服务目标、赛事交通特点、保障工作阶段划分, 最终构建赛事交通组织策划的方法体系和步骤。重点阐述赛事交通保障的5 个阶段以及各阶段核心 任务,包括制定交通服务标准、构建交通指挥架构、制定赛事交通总体规划和战略规划、开展交通 设施详细规划和设计、车辆筹措、车辆服务方案编制、培训等。

关键词: 大型体育赛事;交通服务;服务标准;规划方法;可持续发展

中图分类号: U491.1+2

文献标识码:A

Transportation for Major Sports Events: Challenges and Planning Framework

Wang Jiangyan1, Sun Ling2
(1. China Sustainable Transportation Center, Beijing 100004, China; 2. Beijing Transportation Research Institute, Beijing 100073, China)

Abstract: Managing traffic during major sports events is a complex system engineering with multiple goals, which requires effective organizational structure and systematic planning to ensure orderly traffic flow. By analyzing the travel demand and service characteristics of major sports events both at home and abroad, this paper summarizes the key successful experiences of providing high-quality and effective transportation service. Consequently, the paper proposes the objectives, individual traffic management tasks, pre- event preparation, and framework of traffic control system based on traffic characteristics at major sports events. Five stages and the main tasks at each stage of the event are elaborated including developing level of service standards, a traffic command structure, comprehensive transportation strategic planning followed by the detailed plans and design of transportation facilities, fleet arrangement and vehicle dispatch services, training, and etc.

Keywords: major sports events; transportation service; service standards; planning methods; sustainable development