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《城市交通》杂志
2021年 第4期
大型体育赛事交通战略研究
点击量:134

文章编号: 1672-5328(2021)04-0019-08

郭继孚1, 2, 3,马毅林1, 2, 3,刘雪杰1, 2, 3,刘婧1, 2, 3
(1. 北京交通发展研究院,北京100073;2. 城市交通北京市国际科技合作基地,北京100073;3. 城市交通运行仿 真与决策支持北京市重点实验室,北京100073)

摘要: 大型体育赛事对城市客运交通和物流保障等方面带来巨大挑战,迫切需要城市政府制定相关 交通战略。基于大型体育赛事交通需求构成和特征分析,从短时高强度客流、高品质交通保障能 力、绿色交通等方面研讨赛事给城市交通带来的挑战。为应对这些挑战,需要从城市和赛事两方面 制定对应战略。城市层面,需要着眼于长远发展目标,以赛事为契机推动空间结构调整、基础设施 建设和交通结构优化。赛事层面,在考虑协调性、系统性、优先性和公平性的前提下,采取保障赛 事优先、公交优先、绿色低碳和科技办赛的战略。提出举办城市应因地制宜制定赛事交通战略目 标,在为赛事提供高品质交通服务的同时,实现城市交通战略和绿色可持续发展。

关键词: 交通战略;大型体育赛事;赛事交通需求;背景交通需求;公交优先;绿色低碳

中图分类号: U491.1+2

文献标识码:A

Transportation Strategies for Major Sports Events

Guo Jifu1, 2, 3, Ma Yilin1, 2, 3, Liu Xuejie1, 2, 3, Liu Jing1, 2, 3
(1. Beijing Transport Institute, Beijing 100073, China; 2. Beijing International Science and Technology Cooperation Base of Urban Transport, Beijing 100073, China; 3. Beijing Municipal Key Laboratory of Urban Transport Operation Simulation and Decision Support, Beijing 100073, China)

Abstract: Major sports events have brought huge challenges to urban transportation, which urgently calls for city government actions in developing targeted transportation strategies. Based on the travel demand and characteristics of sports events, this paper discusses the challenges of hosting major sports events to urban transportation in short-term high passenger flow, high transportation capability, green transportation, and etc. Facing these challenges, it is necessary to make the transportation strategies work for both city and event. At the city level, the event should be considered as an opportunity to promote the long- term development goals in urban spatial layout improvement, infrastructure construction, and travel mode share optimization. At the event level, a strategy of ensuring event priority, public transportation priority, green and low carbon should be made with the coordination, systematization, priority, and fairness. The paper points out that the host city should make event transportation objectives that tailor to the characteristics of urban development to provide high- quality transportation service for the event and promote the city's own transportation strategies and sustainable development.

Keywords: transportation strategies; major sports events; travel demand during sports events; daily travel demand; public transportation priority; green and low-carbon