登录    注册    个人中心    ENGLISH
   
过刊检索
年份
《城市交通》杂志
2021年 第4期
大型体育赛事开闭幕式交通组织策划
点击量:111

文章编号: 1672-5328(2021)04-0063-11

王江燕,谢云侠
(宇恒可持续交通研究中心,北京100004)

摘要: 大型体育赛事开闭幕式的人流、车流高度集中,对服务水平保障要求严格,媒体关注度较 高。基于多项大型体育赛事开闭幕式交通组织方案编制和实施过程的思考,探讨开闭幕式交通需求 的特点与挑战、交通组织策略、方案评估方法和指挥体系。指出开闭幕式交通组织策划需根据仪式 流程,安保政策,各客户群体起讫点、出行时间和服务模式等,采用交通模型和仿真方法,评估不 同方案下高峰时段道路负荷、人流负荷,并发现风险区域。据此构建开闭幕式交通策划的步骤和方 法框架,阐述各步骤的分析方法。研究证明,针对开闭幕式交通特点,采用科学的交通组织策略、 系统的方案评估和优化方法,构建高效的指挥架构,持续的团队磨合及演练是开闭幕式交通组织成 功的关键。

关键词: 大型体育赛事;开闭幕式;交通集结与疏散;大客流管理;交通服务;指挥体系

中图分类号: U491.1+2

文献标识码:A

Traffic Control System for the Opening and Closing Ceremonies of Major Sports Events

Wang Jiangyan, Xie Yunxia
(China Sustainable Transportation Center, Beijing 100004, China)

Abstract: The highly concentrated pedestrian and vehicular flow volume during the opening and closing ceremonies of major sports events that are intensely covered by news median demand a high level of service and security. Based on the experiences of several major sports events on pre-event preparation of traffic control for the opening and closing ceremonies, this paper analyzes the characteristics and challenges of travel demands, transportation control strategies, plan assessment and command system. The paper points out that traffic control system for the opening and closing ceremonies should consider ceremony proceedings, security policies, origin and destination of attendees, travel time and service mode. The traffic flow under different scenarios during peak hours are assessed by using traffic simulation model, which can identify risks. Consequently, a planning method framework and procedure for the opening and closing ceremonies is proposed. The paper concludes that effective transportation control strategies, systematic plan assessment and improvement, efficient command system, teamwork and collaboration are important for successfully hosting the opening and closing ceremonies of major sports events.

Keywords: major sports events; opening and closing ceremonies; traffic connection and evacuation; high passenger flow management; transportation service; command system