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《城市交通》杂志
2009年 第5期
城市公交中途站合理规模研究
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文章编号:1672-5328(2009)05-0068-04

张晓达1,景 啸2
(1.武汉市城市规划设计研究院,湖北 武汉 430070;2.华中科技大学土木工程与力学学院,湖北 武汉 430074)

摘要:泊位数与可容纳公交线路数的确定是公交中途站优化设计的重要部分,但国内外相关研究还不成熟。根据武汉市实际交通状况,改进了排队论计算模型,提出确定公交中途站泊位数与可容纳线路数关系的计算方法。以武汉市调查数据为基础,对可超越前车进出站和依次进出站两种情况的可容纳线路数进行计算,建议可超越前车进出站时,泊位数不超过4个,可容纳线路数为17~20条;依次进出站时,直线式中途站泊位数不超过3个,可容纳线路数为9~11条,港湾式中途站泊位数不超过4个,可容纳线路数为13~16条。

关键词:交通工程;公共交通;中途站;排队论;泊位数;可容纳线路数

中图分类号:U492.1+1

文献标识码:A

A Study on Reasonable Size of Urban Bus Stops

ZHANG Xiao-da1, JING Xiao2
(1.Wuhan Planning & Design Institute, Wuhan Hubei 430070, China; 2.School of Civil Engineering and Mechanics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan Hubei 430074, China)

Abstract:Treated as key components of bus stops optimization design, existing researches about the number of parking space and parking capacity for bus lines at a bus stop in China still need further study. In light of existing transportation conditions in Wuhan, this paper, through improving queuing theory models, presents the computational method to determine the relation between the number of parking space and parking capacity for bus lines. In the case that following vehicle passing leading vehicle in/out bus stop is permitted and not permitted, the paper respectively calculates the parking capacity for bus lines, based on survey data in Wuhan. The paper concludes with suggestions for bus stops: in former case, no more than 4 parking spaces with parking capacity of 17–20 bus lines; while in latter case, no more than 3 parking spaces for common bus stops with 9–11 bus lines, and the suggestion for bay-style bus stops is 4 parking spaces and 13–16 bus lines.

Keywords:traffic engineering; public transportation; bus stops; queuing theory; the number of parking space; parking capacity for bus lines