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《城市交通》杂志
2009年 第1期
复杂网络理论在城市交通网络分析中的应用
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文章编号:1672-5328(2009)01-0057-09

赵  月1    杜  文1    陈  爽2
(1.西南交通大学交通运输学院,四川 成都 610031;2.西南科技大学土木工程与建筑学院,四川 绵阳 621010)

摘要:介绍了复杂网络的基本概念并详细分析了城市交通网络的特性。列举了2种将城市交通网络抽象为复杂网络的方法,探讨了各自存在的不足。从网络实证、网络演化机制、网络演化性质、网络动力学和网络结构稳定性5个方面总结了复杂网络理论在城市交通网络分析中的研究进展,指出了目前存在的问题。最后给出了城市交通网络复杂性研究的几个可能方向。

关键词:交通规划;复杂网络;演化机制;网络动力学;城市交通网络

中图分类号:U491.1+3

文献标识码:A

Application of Complex Network Theory to Urban Transportation Network Analysis

Zhao Yue1,Du Wen1 and Chen Shuang2
(1.College of Traffic & Transportation,Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu 610031, Sichuan, China; 2.Institute of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Southwest University of Science and Technology, Mianyang 621010, Sichuan, China)

Abstract:This paper starts with an introduction of the definition of complex networks, and further elaborates the characteristics of urban transportation systems. Then the paper proposes two approaches to extracting urban transportation systems as complex networks, and discusses their shortcomings, respectively. Based on a summary of the applications of the above methods from 5 aspects, such as practice, evolution mechanism and features, network dynamics and structure stability and so on, the paper identifies existing issues in the applications. Finally, the paper indicates prospective research directions in complex networks of urban transportation.

Keywords:transportation planning; complex network; evolution mechanism; network dynamics; urban transportation network