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《城市交通》杂志
双语出版
20190301-Mode Choice and Optimization for Short-Distance Travel in Peripheral Areas of City Center_ A Case Study of Guanghua District in Wenzhou
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Gong Dijia, Hu Xiuqin
(Department of Urban and Rural Planning, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua Zhejiang 321004, China)

Abstract: Public transit service for short-distance travel is one of the short slabs to be complemented in developing transit metropolis. Aiming at the peripheral areas of city center in big cities, this paper compares four possible travel modes in several aspects: the adaptation of people and climate, occupation of land resource, degree of permeability to alleys and cul- de- sac, fitness of OD distribution, integration of public transit system, and limitation of operation time. The paper proposes a public transit service structure for short-distance travel with regional operating community bus as the main body, internet bike sharing as auxiliary, and public bikes and community bus with fixed lines as supplementation. Taking Guanghua district in Wenzhou city as an example, the paper analyzes residents' cognition, demand and expectation as well as the problems of operating community buses through field observation, questionnaire survey, and interviews. Based on the theory of public economics, the paper proposes integrated strategies in several aspects: reallocation of right- of-way, system design of parking benefit districts, optimization of operation modes, and design of fare system and price.

Keywords: transportation planning; public transit; peripheral areas of city center; short- distance travel; community bus;Wenzhou