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《城市交通》杂志
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20200306-Epidemic Prevention Strategy of Shanghai Rail Transit System: Taking the COVID-19 Pandemic as an Example
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WU Jinlong, DING Xiaobing, LIU Zhigang
School of Urban Rail Transportation, Shanghai University of Engineering Science, Shanghai 201620, China

Abstract: The outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) poses a great challenge to urban rail transit system. Several cities take measures such as line outage, in and out station control, and operation diagram adjustment to cope with the sharp drop of passenger flow as well as epidemic prevention and evacuation demand. With the gradual restoration of social order and the increase in the traffic volume brought by the resumption of work and school, urban rail transit system is faced with the changing travel demand as well as long-term and sustained epidemic prevention demand. This paper analyzes the impact of the pandemic on passenger flow of Shanghai rail transit and the huge challenge it faces. According to travel demand in different periods, the paper provides suggestions on epidemic prevention and control in several aspects: further implementing epidemic prevention and control measures, strengthening passenger flow early-warning and passenger management, dynamic analysis and scientific allocation of transportation capacity, refining the management and control of full load rates at stations and carriages. Aiming at recovery of operation resilience of urban rail transit, effective measures for epidemic prevention and control are of great significance to the modernization of the governance system and management capacity of transportation industry.

Keywords: rail transit; modern governance; COVID-19; megacities; coping strategies; Shanghai