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《城市交通》杂志
2010年 第6期
公共自行车交通发展模式比较
点击量:6092

文章编号:1672-5328(2010)06-0040-04

潘海啸1,汤諹1,麦贤敏2,牟玉江3
(1.同济大学城市规划系,上海 200092;2. 名古屋大学环境学研究科, 日本 名古屋 464-8603;3. 加州大学伯克利分校建筑与城市规划学院,美国 伯克利 CA94720-1820)

摘要:解决城市交通出行困难的问题,建立多模式绿色交通体系是必然选择。围绕北京、杭州和上海三种不同的公共自行车交通发展模式,分析了各种模式的特点、系统运营状况以及未来需改进的方面。指出公共自行车系统的引入的确可以大大改善人们的出行条件,对小汽车的过度使用也起到一定的抑制作用。但是,公共自行车系统的发展需要政府有明确的目标并提供有效支持,应鼓励采取企业与政府合作的模式,以充分发挥企业控制成本、技术创新优势,以及政府引导和整合社会资源优势。

关键词:自行车交通;绿色交通;发展模式;公共自行车;公共交通

中图分类号:U491.2+25

文献标识码:A

Overview of Bicycle Transportation Development in Urban Areas

PAN Hai-xiao1, TANG Yang1, MAI Xian-min2, MOU Yu-jiang3
(1.Department of Urban Planning, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China; 2.Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University, Nagoya City 464-8603, Japan; 3. College of Environmental Design, University of California, Berkeley CA 94720-1820, USA)

Abstract:To relive urban traffic congestion, it is necessary to promote non-motorized green travel alternatives. Focusing on three different bicycle transportation development systems in Beijing, Hangzhou and Shanghai, this paper discusses characteristics of three systems and their improvements. The paper points out that promoting bicycle travel can greatly improve urban transportation system and somewhat curb the usage of automobiles. The paper stresses that promoting bicycle travel needs government support that includes encouraging collaboration with enterprises for better and efficient technology and services in order to take full advantage of the society resources.

Keywords:bicycle transportation; green transportation; development patterns; bike sharing system; public transportation