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《城市交通》杂志
2014年 第6期
公交专用车道设置综合效益评估 ——以京通快速路为例
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文章编号: 1672-5328(2014)06-0063-07

童文聪,缪芳
(上海济安交通工程咨询有限公司,上海200092)

摘要: 为解决当前公交专用车道设置缺乏评估标准的问题,从个人出行成本和社会成本两个角度出 发,对公交专用车道设置前后交通运营成本组成进行分析。在此基础上,重点针对公交专用车道运 营的直接效益,通过分析公交专用车道设置前后交通运行参数的变化,分别对运营产出和运营成本 进行综合分析,评估公交专用车道设置前后的运能总量、时间及能源消耗成本的变化,并将其折算 成货币指标,实现评估指标的定量化。最后,以京通快速路为例进行了评估实证分析。

关键词: 公交政策;公交专用车道;综合效益评估;运能总量;出行时间成本;出行能耗成本

中图分类号: U491.1+7

文献标识码:A

Evaluation on Comprehensive Benefits of Exclusive Bus Lane Settings: Taking Jingtong Expressway as an Example

TongWencong, Miao Fang
(Shanghai Ji’an Transportation Consulting Co., Ltd., Shanghai 200092, China)

Abstract: Realizing the lack of evaluation standard for setting exclusive bus lanes, this paper analyzes the operation costs before and after setting exclusive bus lanes from the perspectives of individual travel cost and social cost. Focusing on the direct benefits of exclusive bus lanes, the paper discusses the operation costs and benefits through analyzing the change of traffic parameters before and after setting exclusive bus lanes. By evaluating the changes of transport capacity, time cost and energy cost, the paper quantifies these indicators into monetary values. Finally, a case study using Jingtong Expressway as an example is conducted.

Keywords: public transit policies; exclusive bus lanes; evaluation of comprehensive benefits; transport capacity; travel time cost; travel energy cost