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《城市交通》杂志
2006年 第2期
城市轨道交通换乘方式对比分析
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文章编号:1672-5328(2006)02-0011-05

沙滨 袁振洲 缪江华 曹守华
(北京交通大学交通运输学院, 北京 100044)

摘要:叙述轨道交通换乘的概念,提出轨道交通之间换乘应遵循的原则,进而分析轨道交通的换乘方式分类,并对比各种换乘方式,总结各种换乘方式的功能特点及优缺点,以及国内外各种换乘方式应用的代表车站,并讨论了不同换乘方式的适应性。在对比分析的基础上提出影响换乘方式选择的因素,这些因素主要包括:换乘客流,线网与车站的规划,线路的修建顺序,车站的位置,与周围地面交通的协调,与附近商场、商业区的联系,以及与环保的协调等,并对影响换乘方式选择的因素进行分析。最后建议在线网规划、预可行性研究及设计的全过程中都应该把各线交叉衔接、站位的选择确定、换乘站的研究设置和换乘方式的选择,放在重要的位置上,妥善加以解决。

关键词:轨道交通;换乘站;换乘方式;分类;影响因素

中图分类号:U491

文献标识码:A

 

Comparison and Analysis of Transfer Manners among Urban Rail Transit Systems

SHA Bin,YUAN Zhenzhou,MIAO Jianghua,CAO Shouhua
(School of Traffic and Transportation, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China)

Abstract: Based on the basic concepts of rail transit transfer manners, this paper analyzes the principles governing transfer ac-tivities from one system to another. A comparison was made of various transfer manners, so as to summarize the functional char-acteristics and the pros-and-cons of these manners, and to discuss their applications through a review of the different manners used in representative transfer centers both in China and abroad. Then the paper identifies some impact factors that need to be considered in choosing transfer manners. These factors include transfer vol-umes of passengers, the layout of the rail transit systems and their stops, the order to build rail transit systems, the location of their stops, and their compatibility with the surrounding surface trans-portation systems, their connectivity with nearby shopping malls and centers, as well as other concerns regarding the environment. Finally, the paper suggests that issues such as connecting rail tran-sit systems, positioning their stations and transfer centers, and choosing transfer manners, should be addressed with a high priori-ty and in an appropriate fashion, during the entire process of the planning, pre-feasibility analysis, and design of rail transit systems.

Keywords: rail transit; transfer station; transfer manner; classifica-tion; impact factor